Contents

NEW TRANSLATOR'S PREFACE AND ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
INTRODUCTION by Nishikawa Shunsaku
A NOTE ON THE TEXT



Section ONE

Section TWO
Foreword
The Equality of Men

Section THREE
The Equality of Nations
National Independence Through Personal Independence

Section FOUR
The Duty of Scholars

Section FIVE
Speech Delivered 1 January 1874

Section SIX
The Importance of National Laws

Section SEVEN
The Duties of the Citizens of the Nation

Section EIGHT
Respect for the Independence of Others

Section NINE
A Letter to Old Friends in Nakatsu Stating Two Ways of Learning

Section TEN
Letter to Old Friends in Nakatsu, Continued

Section ELEVEN
The Falsity of the Idea of Moral Subordination

Section TWELVE
An Encouragement of Public Speaking
The Refinement of Conduct

Section THIRTEEN
The Damage of Envy in Society

Section FOURTEEN
A Criticism of People痴 Thoughts
The Meaning of the Word Sewa

Section FIFTEEN
Methodic Doubt and Selective Judgment

Section SIXTEEN
The Spirit of Independence in Everyday Affairs
The Compatibility of Intention and Activity

Section SEVENTEEN
On Popularity



Appendix
A Defense of Gakumon no Susume
Chronology of Japanese history, with special reference to Fukuzawa Yukichi and
An Encouragement of Learning

Fukuzawa Yukichi: Some Representative Writings and Further Reading

Index




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